BauBuche FAQs

Everything you need to know about BauBuche – from A for applications to V for vapour barrier.

  • Material properties

    What is the moisture level in BauBuche? Is it conditioned?

    The veneers are dried to 2 % - 3 % timber moisture. Then they are conditioned to approx. 5 %  - 6 % timber moisture. Applying the adhesive adds moisture, which pushes the moisture level of the final product back up to approx. 7 %.

    I have heard that the compressive strength of beech drops with increasing wood moisture. Does the same apply to BauBuche?

    The compressive strength of BauBuche is 20 % higher in service class 1 than in service class 2. Service class 1 is defined by a wood moisture corresponding to a temperature of 20 °C and a relative humidity which only exceeds 65 % for a few weeks a year. This gives wood moistures of not more than 12 %. Service class 2 is defined by a wood moisture corresponding to a temperature of 20 °C and a relative air humidity which only exceeds a value of 85 % for a few weeks a year, resulting in wood moistures of up to 20 %. The compressive strength values stated in our approvals refer to the already reduced values applicable in service class 2. An increase of 20 % for applications in service class 1 is permitted and is described both in the approvals and in the design manual.

  • Durability and care

    Does beechwood turn grey in the (roofed) exterior area? How does beechwood behave over time?

    Like spruce, beechwood will grey slightly in both interior and exterior use due to UV light, unless it is protected. The use of BauBuche is only permitted in roofed areas (service classes 1 & 2). BauBuche must not be exposed directly to weather (service class 3).

    Can BauBuche products be impregnated?

    BauBuche can be impregnated. Over the next few months, impregnation plants will conduct tests to establish which impregnation agents are effective and also economic.

    Is BauBuche attacked by pests? What can be done to prevent this?

    In this respect BauBuche is similar to solid beech wood. BauBuche is approved for use in service classes 1 and 2. In these applications, beech is only attacked by termites (this is possible in Australia, for example). Protection of finished BauBuche is difficult as the glued joints make it difficult to apply biocide reliably. Pollmeier is working on a method of applying biocide on request during the manufacture of BauBuche.

    What happens if BauBuche is exposed to the rain during assembly?

    The strength of BauBuche is not affected as a result of brief exposure to the elements during assembly. BauBuche will, however, swell and stains may form. If brief exposure to the elements cannot be ruled out during transport and assembly, we recommend the use of a protective varnish, e.g., BauBuche varnish, which can be purchased from Koch und Schulte GmbH & Co.KG, 57645 Nister, www.kochundschulte.de

  • Processing and use

    Can BauBuche Board and Panel be used for bracing?

    As a stiffening board we exclusively recommend BauBuche Q Board. The diaphragm action (2-axis load-bearing effect) which is required for a stiffening board is achieved by the veneers, up to 15 % of which run perpendicular to the main load-bearing direction.

    Is the modulus of elasticity sufficient to ensure that there is no sag with large spans?

    Essentially, there is always a degree of deflection caused by the weight of the components, but it is very small, and has to be calculated. It can be counteracted by giving the beam a camber.

    How can the customer dispose of BauBuche offcuts?

    Offcuts can be burnt as fuel, provided that temperatures above 850 °C are guaranteed. BauBuche offcuts can also be used in the production of particleboard.

    Which varnish can be used to treat the surface of BauBuche? Which varnish is used for the surface of BauBuche flooring?

    All standard varnish systems that are suitable for solid beech wood can be used for treating the surface. For BauBuche flooring, we use a varnish system from Osmo, which is not suitable for application at the construction site.

    Is the dust which forms when sanding BauBuche hazardous to health? Do any warnings need to be observed?

    The same occupational safety requirements apply when sanding BauBuche as with solid beech wood.

    Which connections can be recommended when using BauBuche?

    In principle the same connections can be used for BauBuche as for conventional glued laminated timber. However, given the high density, a few special features must be observed. For precise information on design and calculation with BauBuche as well as structural analysis of connections, please refer to our design manual.

    Which system can be used to make a free-floating staircase with BauBuche Panel steps that are only attached to a wall at the end face?

    This is possible with the EGO system from Bucher. For more details see Bucher Treppen. This system is preferred by our Treppenmeister partner companies, who offer project-specific technical advice.

    Can a purchased BauBuche GL70 Beam be planed down to reduce the height at a later stage?

    Yes, the approval / manufacturing standard allows for subsequent planing and sanding, provided that a rectangular cross-section is maintained and the girder height remains between 120 and 600 mm.

    Is BauBuche flooring suitable for underfloor heating?

    Yes, BauBuche flooring with a thickness of 14 mm is ideal for use with underfloor heating. The thermal conductivity of our flooring is 0.134 W/(mK). The thickness divided by the thermal conductivity results in the thermal insulation resistance which must not be greater than 0.15 m²K/W. With our BauBuche flooring the thermal insulation resistance is around 0.11 m²K/W and thus suitable for underfloor heating.

  • Standards and approvals

    Which industrial standards apply to laminated veneer lumber?

    The most important standards in Europe which deal with laminated veneer lumber LVL) are:
     

    EN 14374:2005 02 01 Timber structures - Structural laminated veneer lumber - Requirements

    EN 14279:2009 05 15 Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) - Definitions, classification and specifications

    EN 14732:2011 02 15 Timber structures - Structural prefabricated wall, floor and roof elements - Requirements

    Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures - Part 1-1: General - Common rules and rules for buildings

    Does BauBuche have an environmental product declaration (EPD)?

    BauBuche does not yet have an environmental product declaration. A central issue for an environmental product declaration is the energy required for manufacturing the product, but this value cannot yet be precisely determined for BauBuche. BauBuche is unique in the world, and regular production is set to get underway in August 2014. It will be possible to determine energy consumption precisely after several months of continuous production. We anticipate that the EPD will be available from December 2016. The BauBuche plant is supplied with local beechwood round timber from within a radius of just 150 km. The production process ensures very efficient utilisation of the raw material, and the necessary process heat is obtained exclusively from waste material in our own biomass power plant.

  • Production process

    What sort of adhesive is used, and why?

    Phenolic resin adhesive is used in the production of laminated veneer lumber.
    It offers good economy, high strength, is water-resistant and, most importantly, no formaldehyde is released subsequently. In addition, decades of experience and countless research projects mean that everything is known about this adhesive! It is supplied by Dynea.

  • Product range and custom designs

    Can BauBuche GL70 Beam be given a camber?

    Yes, a camber of up to 15 cm is possible.

    What are the maximum possible dimensions for BauBuche GL70 Beam?

    The current national technical approval covers beams up to the following dimensions: max. length = 35 m; max. width = 300 mm; max. cross-sectional height = 600 mm. With a special approval based on an expert report from MPA Stuttgart, today we can offer beams with the following dimensions: max. length = 35 m; max. width = 300 mm; max. cross-sectional height = 1360 mm. The enhancement of the German Technical Approval for section heights up to 2500mm is in process and expected to be finished in spring 2018. Pollmeier produces beams of 18m length maximum, lengths up to 25m are available on request until end of 2018.

    What are the maximum possible dimensions for BauBuche trusses?

    The use of joints means there is no defined upper limit for the length of trusses. The maximum dimensions depend on the structural conditions, including the loads. The higher strength of BauBuche allows considerably larger spans to be planned than with frameworks made of conventional glued laminated timber.

    Can BauBuche Panel be produced in larger widths?

    The maximum width is 680 mm, which is the maximum cutting width of the horizontal block band sawing machine. BauBuche Panel boards can be machined like solid wood and glued together to give larger board lengths.

  • Building physics and planning

    What is the thermal conductivity of BauBuche?

    The thermal conductivity is 0.17 W/mK.

    What is the heat storage capacity / thermal capacity of BauBuche?

    The heat storage capacity / thermal capacity of BauBuche is 1600 J/kg K

    What is the difference between mean value and characteristic value?

    The mean value is the calculated (arithmetic) average of all the values measured. The characteristic value is determined in accordance with EN14374, and is the 5% quantile of all the measured values. This means that 95% of the measured values are higher than the characteristic value, which is used in the structural analyses. This ensures a large safety margin in order to avoid any risk when the product is used in construction.

    What is the diffusion resistance of BauBuche? Can a BauBuche board be used as a vapour barrier?

    The diffusion resistance of BauBuche has not yet been calculated. This value can be derived from heavy plywood and is around µ = 150 - 250. Therefore, BauBuche can be used as a vapour check, but a vapour barrier cannot be created with BauBuche.

    How great is the screw withdrawal resistance of BauBuche?

    The screw withdrawal resistance depends on the screw dimensions, screw-in angle and the density of the timber. The high density of BauBuche gives a greater screw withdrawal resistance than for softwood products. The calculation is regulated by the German National Technical Approval 9.1-838, which stipulates that the equations for solid wood are to be used for the calculation. The calculation formulas can be found in DIN EN 1995-1-1 (8.38); Eurocode 5.

    What is the swelling and shrinkage behaviour of BauBuche?

    Laminated veneer lumber is homogenised by the production process. The cross-sectional changes of BauBuche S are thus less pronounced than with solid wood. Nevertheless, the major difference between the length change along and across the grain still remains. The use of BauBuche Q with veneer layers arranged crosswise results in a "barrier effect" and thus reduced deformation at board level. The values are similar to the value in the longitudinal direction.

  • Manual for structural calculation

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